Eyes are the most used sensory organ in the body and neglecting them is a big mistake. Eye problems are common for all age groups and you want to be aware of what eye problems can affect you. Some common eye problems that we generally assume normal, can affect the eyes severely and can also cause long-lasting damage to the eyes.
One needs to be very careful about their eyes. Being aware of certain common eye problems helps you to diagnose your eye issues at an early stage. Here are some of the most common eye problems you should be aware of.
The most common symptom of various eye diseases is the strain. Eye strain can happen when someone reads, watches, drives, or stares at an image for long hours without any break. You may be reading a book or staring at a screen without any respite. Relaxing your eyes for some period of time can help you reduce the strain. However, if your eyes are constantly strained, you must visit an optometrist to learn about eye problems you can have.
An inability to distinguish between shades of red and green color is referred as color blindness. Generally, people with color blindness are either born with it or get it due to an eye disease or medication. The problem, affecting more men than women, occurs due to the absence of cone cells in your eyes. Cone cells are necessary to perceive colors. Optometrists help you see those colors with the best treatment suitable for you.
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is the inflammation of the outer membrane of the eyeball and the inner eyelid. The inflamed tissues that line the back of the eyelids and covers the sclera, make your eyes red. There is a kind of burning, itching or something stuck in the eyes feeling.
Your lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil gets cloudy making your vision blurry. Cataract is quite common for people beyond the age of 40. There are various procedures to cure a cataract depending on its severity. Consulting an optometrist helps get the best treatment available for you.
Light passes through the cornea and then bends or refracts to form an image of the object you are viewing. If you have some refractive error, the light does not bend at the same angle that gives you a clear image. This makes your vision blur. Wearing a contact lens or glasses can help solve the refractive issues like myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and others.
The above are just some of the common eye problems you should be aware of. Some other common eye problems include strabismus, uveitis, dry eyes, floaters, retinal disorders, glaucoma, keratoconus and many more. Ignoring the eye health can make you suffer from these eye problems at any age. One should regularly visit an optometrist to maintain a healthy eye with good vision.