When we age, each and every part of our body is aging with us. With our growing age, our body starts showing signs and symptoms of age-related problems. While back pain and greying hair are evident, age-related problems of the eyes often go unnoticed. Due to this, often people identify their eye problems at a later stage. One should be vigilant towards eye problems just like any other bodily problems and get regular eye exams to ensure your vision is not affected.
Ignoring your eye health can cause multiple eye problems and one such common problem which goes unnoticed is Glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye condition in which the pressure of the eye fluid increases and the optic nerve is damaged. If this condition is not caught in time, it can lead to loss of sight.
The reason for late detection of Glaucoma is the lack of awareness among the people about the testing methods for Glaucoma. Due to this lack of awareness, timely testing and treatment of Glaucoma does not take place. This will no longer be a worry for you as in this article we will discuss how often you should get a Glaucoma test done.
Let us understand the types of eye tests necessary to detect Glaucoma.
1. Visual Field Test
When an optometrist is trying to check for the possibility of Glaucoma, conducting a vision field test is crucial. Since Glaucoma is known to have an impact on your optic nerve, it is essential for the optometrist to find out if it has impacted your vision. Therefore, a visual field test is conducted, in which your peripheral vision and central vision are tested by using a light spot.
2. Nerve Damage Test
This test is conducted to find out if any nerve damage has already started. For this test, your eye is dilated using a dilation liquid and then the optometrist will have a look at your optic nerve. If the optic nerve has started getting damaged, the same will be visible in the pattern of the nerve.
3. Intra-Ocular Pressure Test
In Glaucoma, it is necessary to measure the pressure in your eye. One way to measure it is by using a Tonometer, in which your eyes are anesthetized, and the blue strip attached to the device is gently pushed on to the surface of your eye. When the pressure is recorded, a beep sound is heard. The other method involves air puff tonometer which simply blows air on the surface of your eye to measure the pressure.
Now, these tests need to be done in the following frequency:
- Once in 3-4 years before 40 years of age.
- Once in 1-3 years between 40-55 years of age.
- Every year between 55-64 years of age.
- Every 6 months after 65 years of age.
Always remember that getting regular eye checkups is better than undergoing eye treatments. So book an appointment today for eye exams in Edmonton.