Everything You Must Know About Heterochromia

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A person having two different colors of eyes is said to be suffering from heterochromia. The color in your eyes is a projection of pigment in iris and its shade depends on the deposit of melanin. For example, brown eyes have a lot of melanin deposits, whereas blue eyes lack the required melanin deposits. In medical terms, it is often known as, "Heterochromia Iridium." Heterochromia is very noticeable if you have one black eye and one blue eye. It occurs when the concentration of melanin isn’t uniform across both the eyes. Hereditary is one of the reasons you may suffer from heterochromia. If one of your parents has this condition, there is a 60 percent chance that you will be suffering from this eye problem. Many popular people such as Kate Bosworth are in fact, well-known for mismatched color eyes. Let’s take a look at heterochromia in detail./p>

There are three types of heterochromia.

1. Complete Heterochromia

In this type of Heterochromia, the iris of one eye is completely different in color from the iris of the other eye. This condition is usually more common in animals than in humans.

2. Segmental Heterochromia

In this type of heterochromia, a part of the iris is completely different in color from the other part of the iris of another eye. In this condition, a part of the iris may have different colored patches and spots. Segmental heterochromia affects a larger portion of the iris, instead of affecting the area around the pupil.

3. Central Heterochromia

Instead of having one particular distant eye color, people suffering from central heterochromia have a different color near the border of their pupils. It is clearly visible in people who have lighter eyes. Rings of color will appear at the border of their pupil, with the rest of their iris having another color. Central heterochromia can be an indicator of severe eye problems but, there is no specific cure. Heterochromia doesn’t have any negative repercussions. Therefore, color contact lenses can be used to camouflage the effect. Any change in eye color caused due to the environmental factors later in life can also lead to heterochromia.

You can do comprehensive eye health checkups at an optical clinic to check if you may have any chance of getting heterochromia. The earlier you are aware of this condition, you can start with right treatment from an eye specialist before your eye condition worsens.