Common Eye Problems in Kids
Eye problem is not limited for a specific age and even kids can have issues with their eyes. If your child is complaining about pain or irritation in the eye, then you should not take it lightly. You should immediately visit the doctor and have an eye test done to identify the cause of the problem. Early detection of eye problems can help you get started with the right treatment. This will ensure that your child’s eye health is not affected. Here are some common eye problem that kids have.
Amblyopia means poor or reduced vision. It occurs in eyes which usually haven’t developed normal sight during childhood. This condition is often known as "lazy eyes." In this condition, the sight of one eye is better than that of the other. Strabismus or misaligned eyes is the main cause of Amblyopia. The person’s eye may look straight while the other may move normally. Amblyopia affects about 4 percent of the Canadian population. If the vision in one eye is better or weaker than the other, then you should take your kid to be examined by an optometrist. The optometrist will ensure that your child is able to see clearly from both the eyes with the help of contact lens or glasses.
2. Cloudy Eyes
The surface of the eye is normally clear. If your child appears to have cloudy eyes, then his or her vision may be impacted. Cloudy eyes are caused due to a change in the eye lens which can make your vision blurred. Cloudy eyes are often a symptom of cataracts in children. Make sure to consult an optometrist if your kid complains about blurred vision.
If a small lump appears on the eyelid of your kid, then in the medical term it is called chalazion. It occurs when an oil-secreting gland in the eye, called as meibomian glands become clogged. It is a hereditary disease which isn’t caused by an infection. Make sure to consult an optometrist if such a case appears in your kid’s eyes.
If a red, sore lump near the edge of the eyelid occurs, then your kid is suffering from stye. It is caused by an infected eyelash follicle. Eye-drops are used to cure stye. The kid needs to stay at home as it is contagious. Your kid will be cured within 3-5 days if proper treatment is followed.
Conjunctivitis is caused either by viral or bacterial infection. It is contagious and has an allergic reaction. In this condition, the eyes appear red or pink due to inflammation of the conjunctiva which is the thin membrane of the eye. In conjunctivitis, eyes discharge water and your kid will feel itchy in the eye. If the kid has conjunctivitis, he/she needs to stay home to avoid infecting others. This eye problem takes 3-7 days to heal completely.
6. Childhood Tearing
In this eye problem, the tear drainage system is either partially or completely blocked. In some cases, your optometrist may recommend using a special massage technique or eye drops to prevent the tearing. But, if tearing persists, then surgery may be required.
These are some common eye problems in kids. And as mentioned earlier, if your child complains about irritation or pain in the eye or if you find something is wrong with your child’s eye, then do not delay in getting the eyes tested by an optometrist.